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让雅思写作加分的20个修辞手法!

2020-01-07 10:17:33      来自: 重庆环球教育学校      点击: 65

  我们都知道汉语中会用到各种修辞手法,以达到文章有更美的意境。其实英语也是一样,了解各种修辞也能帮助我们赏析英文和写出更漂亮的英文句子。今天重庆环球教育的小编就给大家介绍在英语写作中能够加分的20中修辞手法!

  ZHENGZAIBEIKAOYASIDENIXIANGYAOZAIXIEZUOSHANGGENGSHANGYICENGLOUDEHUA,JIUMANMANYANDUXIAMIANDE20ZHONGXIUCISHOUFABA!


1.Simile 明喻

  MINGYUSHIJIANGJUYOUGONGXINGDEBUTONGSHIWUZUODUIBI,ZHEIZHONGGONGXINGCUNZAIYURENMENDEXINLI,ERBUSHISHIWUDEZIRANSHUXING。

  BIAOZHICICHANGYONG:like, as, seem, as if, as though, similar to, such as DENG。

  例如:

  1. I wandered lonely as a stay dog.

  我像一只流浪狗一样孤独地四处漂泊。

  2. Einstein likes to put a cloak on, as if he had just walked out of a fairy tale.

  爱因斯坦喜欢披着斗篷,就好像刚刚从童话故事中走出来。

 

2.metaphor 隐喻,暗喻

白姐精选三肖三码   YINYUSHIJIANSUOLEDEMINGYU,SHIJIANGMOUYISHIWUDEMINGCHENGYONGYULINGYISHIWU,TONGGUOBIJIAOXINGCHENG。

  例如:

  1. Hope is a good breakfast, but it is a bad supper.

  希望是顿美好的早餐,但却是一顿糟糕的晚餐。

  2. Some books are to be tasted, others swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.

  一些书需要被“浅尝辄止”地阅读,另一些需要被“狼吞虎咽”般地阅读;很少一部分需要被“细嚼慢咽”地阅读。
 

3.metonymy 借喻,转喻

  JIEYUBUZHIJIESHUOCHUSUOYAOSHUODESHIWU,ERSHIYONGLINGYIGEYUZHIXIANGGUANDESHIWUMINGCHENG。

  1. 以容器代替内容,例如:

  1)The kettle boils.

  水开了。

  2)The room sat silent.

  全屋人安静地坐着。

  2. 以资料、工具代替事物的名称,例如:

  Lend me your ears, please.

  请听我说。

  3. 以作者代替作品,例如:

  a complete Shakespeare

  莎士比亚全集

  4. 以具体事物代替抽象概念,例如:

  I had the muscle, and they made money out of it.

  我有力气,他们就用我的力气赚钱。

 

4.synecdoche 提喻

白姐精选三肖三码   TIYUYONGBUFENDAITIQUANTI,HUOYONGQUANTIDAITIBUFEN,HUOTESHUDAITIYIBAN。

  例如:

  1. There are about 100 hands working in his factory.

  他的厂里约有100名工人。

  2. He is the Newton of this century.

  他是本世纪的牛顿。

  3. The fox goes very well with your cap.

  这狐皮围脖与你的帽子很相配。
 

雅思写作,雅思培训,重庆环球教育
 

5.synesthesia 通感、联觉、移觉

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHEIZHONGXIUCIFASHIYISHI、TING、CHU、XIU、WEIDENGGANJUEZHIJIEMIAOXIESHIWU.

  例如:

  1. The birds sat upon a tree and poured forth their lily like voice.

  鸟儿落在树上,倾泻出百合花似的声音。

  2. Taste the music of Mozart.

  品尝Mozart的音乐。
 

6.personification 拟人

  NIRENSHIBASHENGMINGFUYUWUSHENGMINGDESHIWU。

  例如:

  1. The night gently lays her hand at our fevered heads.

  夜晚温柔地平复着我们狂热的头脑

  2. I was very happy and could hear the birds singing in the woods.

  我很开心,似乎听到了林中唱歌的鸟儿。
 

7.hyperbole 夸张

  KUAZHANGSHIYIYANGUOQISHIDESHUOFABIAODAQIANGDIAODEMUDE。TAKEYIJIAQIANGYUSHI,ZENGJIABIAODAXIAOGUO。

  例如:

  1. I beg a thousand pardons.

  我千百次地祈求宽恕

  2. Love you. You are the whole world to me, and the moon and the stars.

  我爱你。你对我而言如同全世界,如同夜空中的星月一般圣洁。

  3. When she heard the bad news, a river of tears poured out.

  当她听到这个噩耗,眼泪像绝了堤的洪水,滚落下来。
 

8.rhetorical repetition 叠言

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHEIZHONGXIUCIFASHIZHIZAITEDINGDEYUJINGZHONG,JIANGXIANGTONGDEJIEGOU,XIANGTONGYIYICIZUCHENGJUZIZHONGDIESHIYONG,YIZENGQIANGYUQIHELILIANG。

  例如:

  1. It must be created by the blood and the work of all of us who believe in the future, who believe in man and his glorious man—made destiny.

  它必须用我们这些对于未来,对于人类以及人类自己创造的伟大命运具有信心的人的鲜血和汗水去创造。

  2.Because good technique in medicine and surgery means more quickly—cured patients, less pain, less discomfort, less death, less disease and less deformity.

  因为优良的医疗技术和外科手术意味着更快地治疗病人,更少痛苦,更少不安,更少死亡,更少疾病,和更少残废。
 

9.euphemism 委婉,婉辞法

白姐精选三肖三码   WANCIFAZHIYONGWEIWAN、WENYADEFANGFABIAODACUE、BIHUIDEHUA。

  例如:

  1. He is out visiting the necessary.

  他出去方便一下。

  2. His relation with his wife has not been fortunate.

  他与妻子关系不融洽。
 

10.allegory 讽喻、比方

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHEISHIYIZHONGYUANYUXILAWENDEXIUCIFA,YIWEI“HUANGEFANGSHIDESHUOFA”。TASHIYIZHONGXINGXIANGDEMIAOSHU,JUYOUSHUANGZHONGXING,BIAOCENGHANYIYUZHENZHENGYIWEIDESHILIANGHUISHI。

  例如:

  1. Make the hay while the sun shines.

  良机勿失。(在有太阳的时候晒草--制作饲料的干草)

  2. It's time to turn plough into sword.

  到了该努力的时候了。
 

雅思写作,雅思培训,重庆环球教育
 

11.irony 反语

  FANYUZHIYONGXIANGFANYIYIDECILAIBIAODAYISIDEZUOWENFANGSHI。RUZAIZHIZEGUOSHI、CUOWUSHI、YONGZANTONGGUOSHIDESHUOFA;ERZAIBIAOYANGSHI,ZEJINHUZENANDESHUOFA。

  例如:

  1. It would be a fine thing indeed not knowing what time it was in the morning.

  早上不知道几点钟确实是一种好习惯!(反语)

  2."Of course, you only carry large notes, no small change on you. " The waiter said to the beggar.

  作者对乞丐说,当然,你只收大钞,所以没零钱啦。
 

12.pun 双关

白姐精选三肖三码   SHUANGGUANJIUSHIYONGYIGECIZAIJUZIZHONGDESHUANGZHONGHANYI、JIETIFAHUI、ZUOCHUDUOZHONGJIESHI、PANGQIAOCEJICONGERDADAOYIXIANGBUDAODEYOUMO、HUAJIXIAOGUO。

白姐精选三肖三码   TAZHUYAOYIXIANGSIDECIXING、CIYIHEXIEYINDEFANGSHICHUXIAN。

  例如:

  1. An ambassador is an honest man who lies abroad for the good of his country.

  大使是一个诚实的人,他只骗外国人说自己国家多么多么好。

  2. If we don't hang together, we shall hang separately.

  如果我们不团结,就上吊去吧。(注意两个hang意思不一样)
 

13.parody 仿拟

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHEISHIYIZHONGMOFANGMINGYAN、JINGJU、YANYU,GAIDONGQIZHONGBUFENCIYUCONGERSHIQICHANSHENGXINYIDEXIUCI。

  例如:

  1. Rome was not built in a day, nor in a year.

  罗马不是一天建成的,但也不是一年内建成的。(暗指需要更长时间的努力)

  2. A friend in need is a friend to be avoided.

  虽然说“患难见真情”,但是一个真的处于患难中的朋友,是为众人避而远之的。
 

14.rhetorical question 修辞疑问

  TAYUYIWENJUDEBUTONGZAIYUTABINGBUYIDEDAODAFUWEIMUDE,ERSHIYIYIWENWEISHOUDUAN,QUDEXIUCISHANGDEXIAOGUO。

  QITEDIANSHI:KENDINGWENJUBIAOSHIQIANGLIEFOUDING,ERFOUDINGWENJUBIAOSHIQIANGLIEDEKENDING。TADEDAANWANGWANGSHIBUYANERYUDE。

  例如:

  1. How was it possible to walk for an hour through the woods and see nothing worth of note?

  我们在树林里走了1个小时连根毛都没看见!

  2. Shall we allow those untruths to go unanswered?

  难道我们应该让谣言继续传播下去吗?


15.antithesis 对照、对比、对偶

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHEIZHONGXIUCIZHIJIANGYIYIWANQUANXIANGFANDEYUJUPAIZAIYIQIDUIBIDEYIZHONGXIUCIFANGFA。

  例如:

  1. Not that I love Caesar less, but I love Rome more.

  不是我不喜欢凯撒,而是我更喜欢罗马。(莎士比亚《凯撒大帝》中普鲁斯特的名言)

  2. You are staying; I am going.

  你留,我走。

  3. Give me liberty, or give me death.

  要么给我自由,要么让我死。
 

雅思写作,雅思培训,重庆环球教育


16.paradox 隽语

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHEISHIYIZHONGMAOSIMAODUN,DANBAOHANYIDINGZHELIDEYIWEISHENZHANGDESHUOFA,SHIYIZHONGMAODUNXIUCIFA。

  例如:

  1. More haste, less speed.

  欲速则不达。

  2. The child is the father of a man.

  儿童是成人致富。(来自于英国诗人Wordsworth的诗《My heart leaps up我心雀跃》)


17.oxymoron 反意法、逆喻

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHEIYESHIYIZHONGMAODUNXIUCIFA,YONGLIANGZHONGBUXIANGDIAOHEDETEZHENGXINGRONGYIGESHIWU,YIBUXIEDIAODEDAPEISHIDUZHELINGWUJUZHONGWEIMIAODEHANYI。

白姐精选三肖三码   WANGWANGZHEIYANGDEJUZIXIECHULAIJUYOUHENZHENHANDEXIAOGUO。

  例如:

  1. No light, but rather darkness visible.

  没有光,但有看得见的黑暗。

  2. The state of this house is cheerless welcome.

  这座房子无精打采地迎接着客人。
 

18.climax 渐进法,层进法

  ZHEIZHONGXIUCISHIJIANGYIXILIECIYUANZHAOYINIANDEDAXIAO、QINGZHONG、SHENQIAN、GAODIDENGZHUCENGJIANJIN,ZUIHOUDADAODINGDIAN。

  GONGNENG:KEYIZENGQIANGYUSHI,ZHUJIANJIASHENDUZHEYINXIANG。

  例如:

  1. I am sorry, I am so sorry, I am so extremely sorry.

  真的真的真的很抱歉

  2. Eye had not seen nor ear heard, and nothing had touched his heart of stone.

  看不到、听不到,没有什么可以触碰到他那颗石头般的心。


19.anticlimax 渐降法

  YUclimaxXIANGFANDEYIZHONGXIUCIFA,JIANGYIXILIECIYUYOUDADAOXIAO、YOUQIANGDAORUODIPAILIE。

  例如:

  1. On his breast he wears his decorations, at his side a sword, on his feet a pair of boots.

  他胸口别着勋章,腰里插着抱歉,脚上套着一双靴子。

  2. The duties of a soldier are to protect his country and peel potatoes.

  士兵的职责就是保卫国家和削土豆皮。(形容战士)


20.alliteration 押头韵

白姐精选三肖三码   TOUYUNSHIYINGYUYUYINXIUCISHOUDUANZHIYI,TAYUNHANLEYUYANDEYINLEMEIHEZHENGQIMEI,SHIDEYUYANSHENGQINGJIAORONG、YINYIYITI,JUYOUHENQIANGDEBIAOXIANLIHEGANRANLI。

  例如:

  1. Nobody can go from rags to riches without efforts.

  没有人能够不通过努力就发家致富的。

  2. The government needs to create a social environment of fairness and forgiveness.

  政府需要营造一个公平和宽容的社会环境。

重庆环球雅思

  重庆环球教育秉持教育成就未来的理念,专注于为中国学子提供优质的出国语言培训及配套服务。目前,重庆环球教育已构建了包含语言培训、出国咨询等在内的教育服务生态圈。相关问题可在线免费咨询,或拨打免费热线400-691-1717。

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