白姐精选三肖三码

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为什么你写的英文读起来总是很Chinglish?

2020-01-15 09:54:47      来自: 重庆环球教育学校      点击: 16

  在英语听说读写四项技能中,几乎所有人都会认同的一点是:写作是最难提升的一项。对于中国的英语学习者来说,制约写作提升的原因除了阅读量不足和缺乏逻辑思维训练外,还有中式英语问题。

  什么是中式英语?中式英语有哪些表现?怎样减少中式英语现象?希望这篇文章在回答以上三个问题的同时给你带来启发。
 

什么是中式英语?


  琼·平卡姆在《中式英语之鉴》一书中对中式英语有这样的定义:

  “Chinglish, of course, is that misshapen, hybrid language that is neither English nor Chinese but that might be described as "English with Chinese characteristics."


  由这个定义引申开来,通常意义上的中式英语是指中国的英语学习者由于受到汉语影响,在口语和写作中产生的主观编造、生搬硬套一种英语。它与英语语言的规则和英语国家的文化习惯相悖。

  使用中式英语可能会阻碍正常的沟通,甚至造成误会。因此,我们有必要了解一下中式英语产生的原因,表现以及解决方案。

 

雅思写作,雅思培训,重庆环球教育

 

中式英语是怎么产生的?有哪些表现?


  对于中式英语的成因,有学者提出了“语言迁移”理论,即学习者会习惯用母语的思维和语言习惯去套用目标语,假如母语和目标语的差异过大,就很容易在语言应用中产生错误。

白姐精选三肖三码   HANYUYUYINGYUFENSHULIANGZHONGBUTONGYUXI, QIANZHESHUYUHANZANGYUXI, ERHOUZHESHUYUYINOUYUXI。LIANGZHEJIANDEJUDACHAYIHUIDAOZHIXUEXIZHEZAIXIDEYUYANGUOCHENGZHONGSHOUDAOMUYUDEFUQIANYIZUOYONG,CONGERCHUXIANYIXILIEYUYANYINGYONGWENTI。

  具体来讲,中式英语现象主要体现在以下几个方面:
 

  (1) 词汇应用

白姐精选三肖三码   ZAICIHUIYINGYONGSHANG,ZHONGSHIYINGYUZHUYAOYOUZHEIJIZHONGBIAOXIANXINGSHI:CIHUIWUYONG、DAPEIBUDANG、YONGCILEIZHUI。

白姐精选三肖三码   JIUYINGYUHEHANYUERYAN,HANYUCIHUIGAINIANJIAOLONGTONG,YINGYUCIHUIBIAODADEYIYIZEFEICHANGXINIFENGFU,HANYUZHONGDEYIGECIWANGWANGDUIYINGZHEJIGEYINGYUDANCI。RUGUOWOMENDUIDANCIBENSHENDELIJIEBUGOUTOUCHE,JINPINGDANCIDEZHONGWENSHIYILAITUICEQISHIYONGYUJING,JIUHUIZAOCHENGCIHUIWUYONG。

白姐精选三肖三码   BIRUYAOBIAODA“NINENGJIESHAOYIBENHAOSHUJIWOMA?”,CHUXUEZHERONGYIWANGWENSHENGYI,ZHIJIEXIECHENG Could you introduce me a good book? ZAIZHEILIXUEXIZHEDUI introduce DELIJIECHUXIANLEPIANCHA。DANCISUIRANDAIYOU“JIESHAO”DEHANYI,DANTADESHIYONGYUJINGYIBANSHIRENYURENZHIJIANDEHUXIANGJIESHAO、YINJIAN。ZAIZHEILIGENGHESHIDESHUOFASHI Can you recommend a good book?

  DUITONGGEDANCIDEBIANHUAXINGSHILIJIEBUDAOWEI,YEHUICHUXIANWUYONGDEQINGKUANG。BIRUYOUZHEIYANGYIGELIZI:Left alone in the dark corridor, she felt very dangerous. ZUOZHEBENLAISHIXIANGBIAODA“ZAIQIHEIDEZOULANGLI,TAGANJUEZISHENCHUJINGHENWEIXIAN”,DANXIECHULAIDEYINGWENHANYIQUEBIANCHENGLE“ZAIQIHEIDEZOULANGLI,TAGANJUEZIJISHIGEWEIXIAN”。

  ZHEILISHUYUDUI dangerous, danger ZHEILIANGGECIDELIJIEBUDAOWEIERCHANSHENGDEWUYONG。He / She is dangerous ZHENZHENGHANYISHI“TA/TAZAIMOUFANGMIANDUIQITARENGOUCHENGWEIXIE”,YAOBIAODA“MOURENCHUYUWEIXIANJINGDIZHONG”,WOMENKEYISHUO He / She is in great danger.

  BIQICIHUIWUYONG,DAPEIBUDANGSHIYIGEGENGJIACHANGJIANDEWENTI。YINGWENZHONGDUIYUCIYUZHIJIANDEDAPEIYOUHENDUOYUEDINGSUCHENGDEGUIZE,ERZHEIXIEGUIZEYUHANYUZHONGDEDAPEIGUIZEBINGBUYIZHI。BIRUHANYUZHONGWOMENHUISHUO“XUEXIZHISHI”,ZAIYINGYULIMIANZEMEIYOU learn knowledge ZHEIYANGDESHUOFA,ERYINGGAISHUO gain / acquire knowledge.

白姐精选三肖三码   YONGCILEIZHUIJIHUSHIMEIGEYINGYUXUEXIZHEDOUHUIPENGDAODEWENTI。HANYUDEYIGETEDIANSHIZHUZHONGWENCAI,XIEZUOZHEWANGWANGBUXIBIMOFANFUQIANGDIAOYIJIASHENSUOBIAODADEYISI, ERYINGYUZEYUCIXIANGFAN,ZHUZHANGYANJIANYIGAI。CHUXUEZHERONGYIJIANGZHONGWENZHUCIZHUJUFANYICHENGYINGWEN,ZAIYONGCISHANGHENRONGYICHUXIANZHONGFU。BIRUZAIKAOCHANGZUOWENZHONG,WOMENJINGCHANGHUIJIANDAOZHEIYANGDEJUZI:

  (1) In my opinion, I think the production and sale of fake commodities should be firmly banned.(2) Scientists are trying to find a solution to solve the problem of water shortage.(3) There are more than 200 guests take part in their wedding ceremony.

白姐精选三肖三码   DIYIGEJUZIZHONG"In my opinion" YIJI "I think" LIANGGEBIAODAYISIZHONGFULE,DANCI"ban"BENSHENJIUDAIYOU“YANGEJINZHI”DEYIWEI,ZAIJIAYIGEXINGRONGCISHIHUASHETIANZU。CIWAI,fake commodity YEBUTAIFUHEZHULIUYINGWENLIDUI“XUJIASHANGPIN”DESHUOFA,KEYIGAICHENG "counterfeit goods"。

  DIERGEJUZIZHONG "solution","solve" LIANGGEDANCIYISIZHONGFULE,KEYIQUDIAOQIZHONGYIGE,BIRUSHUO:Scientists are trying to find a solution to the problem of water shortage.

  DISANGEJUZIZHONGZUOZHEXIANGBIAODA“YOUCHAOGUO200MINGKERENCANJIALETAMENDEHUNLI”,YUSHISHIYONGLESHUXIDE there be JUXING,DANTAIGUOLUOSUO(ERQIEHAICHUXIANLEYUFACUOWU)。JIEHEYUJINGLAIKAN,ZHEILIKEYIZHIJIEXIE More than 200 guests attend their wedding ceremony.

  对国内的学习者来说,介词的使用一直是一个难点,用好介词能够极大减少用词累赘的现象。比如我们可能会见到这样的句子:I was invited to attend her birthday party last night. 其实它可以精简为 I was invited to her birthday party last night. 句子中介词"to"本身就带有“参与”的意味,不需要再加其他动词。
 

  (2) 句式和语篇

白姐精选三肖三码   HANYUHEYINGYULIANGZHONGYUYANBEIHOUDESIWEIMOSHIYOUBUSHAOCHAYI。BIRUHANYUZHONGGENGJIAQINGXIANGYURENDEZHUTIXING,ZUOWEIZHEIZHONGLINIANDEYIGEFANYING,WOMENHUIFAXIANZHONGWENJUZICHANGCHANGYIRENZUOWEIZHUYU,ERYINGYUJUZICHANGCHANGYISHIWUHUOCHOUXIANGGAINIANDENGKETIZUOWEIZHUYU。ZHEIZHONGCHAYIDAOZHIWOMENZAIXIEYINGWENSHIJUSHIDEXUANZEJINGCHANGHUICHUXIANWENTI。

  JUGELIZI,YAOBIAODA“WOTURANJIANXIANGDAOLEYIGEHAOZHUYI”,WOMENKENENGHUIXIE I suddenly got a good idea. YINGYUMUYURENSHIKENENGHUIXIE A good idea occurred to me. YOUCIKEYIKANCHULIANGZHONGJUSHIDECHAYI。

  XINGAINIANYINGYU3LIMIANYOUZHEIYANGYIGECHANGJING:ZHURENGONGZAIDACUOLIECHEHOUHURANJIANYISHIDAOCHEZIKAIDEHENMAN。ZAIZHEILIZUOZHEBINGBUSHIXIE "I suddenly realized..." ERSHISHUO "It suddenly dawned on me that this express was not roaring down the line at ninety miles an hour, but barely chugging along at thirty." QIZHONGDEJUSHI It dawned on me that... JIUHENHAOFANYINGLEYINGYUBIAODADEZHONGDIAN,JIQIANGDIAO“FASHENGLESHENMESHI”,ERHANYUBIAODADEZHONGDIANZESHI“SHEIZUOLESHENME”。

白姐精选三肖三码   CHULEZHUTIHEKETIDEQUBIEZHIWAI,HANYUHEYINGYUJUSHIDEQUBIEHAITIXIANZAIJUZIZHIJIANDELIANJIESHANG。HANYUZHUZHONGYIHE,JIANGJIUXINGSANERSHENBUSAN,CIYUHUOYUJUJIANDELIANJIEZHUYAOPINGJIEYUYIHUOYUJUJIANDELUOJIGUANXILAISHIXIAN,BUYONGHUOSHAOYONGLIANJIESHOUDUAN。YINGYUZHUZHONGXINGHE,JUZIWANGWANGJIEGOUCENGCIQINGXI,YUFAYANJIN。YAOBIAODAFUZADESIXIANGSHI,TONGGUOJIEZHUJIECI、LIANCI、GUANXIDAICI、FENCIDENGYUYANXINGSHISHOUDUAN,ZENGJIADUANYU、FENCI、FENJUDENGFUJIACHENGFENJIANGJUZIKUOZHANBINGLIANJIEQILAI。XIAMIANZHEIGELIZIJIUHENHAOSHUOMINGLEYINGYUJUSHIDETEDIAN:

  At its core, finance does just two simple things. It can act as an economic time machine, helping savers transport today's surplus income into the future, or giving borrowers access to future earnings now. It can also act as a safety net, insuring against floods, fires or illness. By providing these two kinds of service, a well-tuned financial system smooths away life's sharpest ups and downs, making an uncertain world more predictable.

  SHANGMIANDEJIGEJUZIJIEGOUCENGCIFEICHANGQINGXI,LIANJIEYEFEICHANGZIRAN:DUANSHOUDIYIJUGAIKUOJINRONGDETEDIAN,DIERJUHEDISANJUJINXINGZHANKAI,ZUIHOUYIJUJINXINGZONGJIE。ZHENGGEDUANLUODEJIEGOUCENGCIKEYIYONGYIGESIWEIDAOTULAIBIAOSHI:

雅思写作,雅思培训,重庆环球教育


白姐精选三肖三码   英语和汉语句子在结构和连接上的差异也是中式英语产生的一个重要原因。比如,我们可能会看到这样的句子:

  On the other hand, some people can't afford such a high price of maintaining a house, they would rent or buy a tiny apartment to live their daily life.

白姐精选三肖三码   JUZICHUXIANDEWENTISHIQUEFALIANJIECIYIJIZHUISHU。"some people can’t afford such a high price of maintaining a house" KEYIJINGJIANWEI some people can’t afford to maintain a house CIWAI,TAYUXIAYIGEJUZIZHIJIANYINGGAISHIYINGUOLIANXI,YINCIKEYISHIYONGLIANJIECIJINXINGLIANJIE,ZHENGGEJUZIXIUGAIWEI:

  On the other hand, since some people can’t afford to maintain a house, they would rent or buy a tiny apartment to live their daily life.
 

  (3) 文化意识

  YUYANYUWENHUAMIBUKEFEN,ZHONGXIFANGWENHUADECHAYIWANGWANGNENGZAIXIEZUOYUYANSHANGDEDAOTIXIAN,YIGEDIANXINGDELIZISHIYILUNWENXIEZUODEJIEWEIBUFEN。HANYUWENZHANGYOUYIGETEDIAN:ZAIJIEWEICHUHUIDUIZHUTIJINXINGSHENGHUA,BIRUDAIYOU“WOMENYINGGAI”、“WOMENBIXU”、“RANGWOMEN”DENGJIAOXUNSHIHUOKOUHAOSHINEIRONG。ZHEIZHONGWENFENGTEDIANHUIDUIYINGWENXIEZUOZAOCHENGYINGXIANG,HENDUOXUESHENGZAIZUOWENDEZUIHOUYIJUHUIZHEIYANGXIE:

白姐精选三肖三码   Only in this way can we build a harmonious society.

  HUOZHESHI

  Let's devote our love and make the world a better place.

  ERDUIYUYINGYUMUYURENSHILAISHUO,WENZHANGJIEWEIYIBANSHIDUIWENZHANGZHUYAONEIRONGJINXINGGAISHU、BUCHONG,HUOZHEXIANGDUZHETICHUJUTIDEJIANYIHUOGULI。BIRUZHEIYANGDEJIEWEI:

白姐精选三肖三码   Following all this advice, you may not automatically become a successful student, but you will surely be on the right track to succeed.

  HUOZHESHI

  In summary, I regret to admit that experience shows sports do little to overcome mutual national stereotypes or promote peace between nations.

 

怎样减少中式英语现象?


  需要明确的一点是,对于母语为汉语的学习者来说,要想完全避免汉语的影响几乎是不可能的。我们只能减少中式英语现象,但很难将其杜绝。为了少犯中式英语错误,我们需要培养这几个习惯:
 

  (1) 大量阅读原版材料,积累常见表达

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHENGRUHENDUORENSUOSHUO,YUEDUKEYIPEIYANG“YUGAN”。ZHEIZHONG“YUGAN”QISHIJIUSHIDUIYINGWENCHANGJIANDAPEIHEJUXINGDESHUXICHENGDU。BIRUDUIYUZHEIGEJUZI:

  Hardly a week goes by ____ some food scare being reported in the media.

白姐精选三肖三码   DUIYINGWENZUGOUSHUXIDETONGXUEHENKUAIHUIFANYINGGUOLAI,HUAXIANDEDIFANGYINGGAITIAN"without",YINWEI Scarcely/Hardly a day/week/month goes by without... SHIYINGWENZHONGJINGCHANGCHUXIANDEGUDINGBIAODA,TADEHANYISHI“JIHUMEITIAN / MEIZHOU / MEIYUEDOU……” 。WOMENDUIZHEIZHONGCHANGJIANDUANYUHEJUXINGZHANGWODEYUEDUO,BIAODAJIUHUIYUEDIDAO,ERYAOZHANGWOGENGDUODEDIDAOBIAODA,YUEDUSHIBIJINGZHILU。

  阅读原版材料最大的好处在于,我们会潜移默化地吸收英语世界里最常用,对母语人士而言最为自然的表达方式。比如你在阅读中会了解到,“赞扬某事的优点”应该是 extol the virtues of sth 而不是 praise the virtues of sth,“发动战争”应该是 wage war on sb/sth,“磨练技能”应该说 sharpen/hone your skill ... 减少中式表达最好的方法,就是大量积累正确的表达。
 

  (2) 多查词典和权威材料,不要生造表达

白姐精选三肖三码   YINGYUXIEZUOZHONGHENZHONGYAODEYITIAOYUANZESHI:BUYAOSHENGZAOBIAODA,YAOQUEBAONIDEDAPEIHEJUSHIZAICIDIANHUOQITAQUANWEILAIYUANSHANGZHAODEDAOLIZHENG。ZHEIJUHUAZENMELIJIENI?

白姐精选三肖三码   JUGELIZI,WOZAIYIPIANZUOWENZHONGKANDAOZHEIYANGYIGEJUHUA:

白姐精选三肖三码   Some people look back on their teenage years with fondness and call it "the happiest times of lives".

  ZUOZHEBENLAISHIXIANGBIAODA“YIXIERENLIULIANDIHUIYIQITAMENDEQINGSHAONIANSHIGUANG,BINGBATACHENGWEISHI‘SHENGMINGZHONGZUIHAODESUIYUE’”,QIZHONG look back on their teenage years with fondness SHIZUOZHESHENGZAOCHULAIDEBIAODA,XIANDEHENSHENGYING。YOUMEIYOUGENGJIAHESHIDESHUOFANI?

  LANGWENCIDIANZHONGYOUZHEIYANGYITIAOLIJU:He looked back on his university days with a certain amount of nostalgia.

白姐精选三肖三码   ZHEILIDE nostalgia XIANRANJIUSHIWOMENYAOZHAODEDANCI,TAGENGJIATIEQIEDIXIECHULERENMENDUIGUOQUSHIWUDELIULIAN,YINCI,WOMENKEYIJIANGJUZIXIUGAIWEI:

白姐精选三肖三码   Some people look back on their teenage years with nostalgia and call it "the happiest days of their life".

 

  在写作中碰到不确定的表达时,可以先翻一翻词典,如果能在词典中找到相关词条或例句,那这个表达就可以放心使用。如果词典中找不到,可以尝试用谷歌查找权威外刊和语料库,如果能找到相应例证,那么表达的问题也不大。
 

 

  (3) 学好语法

白姐精选三肖三码   XUEHAOYUFADUIYUJIANSHAOZHONGSHIYINGYUBIAODAYOUHENDABANGZHU。ZAISHANGWENTIDAODEJIECISHIYONGBUDANG,JUZIQUEFALIANJIECIYIJIGUANCISHIYONGDENGWENTIDOUKEYITONGGUOGONGGUYUFAZHISHILAIJIEJUE。DUIYUFADEJINGZHUNLIJIEYEYOUZHUYUWOMENJIANHUABIAODA,BIRUDUIYUZHEIGEJUZI:He was very excited and he couldn't speak a word. WOMENKEYISHIYONGYIGEYUFAZHISHIDIAN too...to... JINXINGJIANHUA,JIANGJUZIGAIWEI:He was too excited to speak a word.

白姐精选三肖三码   DUIYUJUZI:He looked at his son and felt quite surprised. ZEKEYITONGGUOLINGHUOSHIYONGJIECIJINXINGJINGJIAN,GAIWEI:He looked at his son in surprise.

  此外,灵活运用句法知识将简单句合并为复合句还可以增强表达的连贯性,长短句的结合也更加符合英语的表达习惯。
 

雅思写作,雅思培训,重庆环球教育


  除了上面提到的这几点之外,系统阅读一些讨论中式英语的相关著作也可以增加对这一语言现象的理解,比如著名的《中式英语之鉴》(翻译专业书籍,但普通学习者也可以参考)

  JIANSHAOZHONGSHIYINGYUBIAODASHIYIGEZHANGYUANDERENWU,ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUIZHONGYAODESHIDALIANGDEYUEDUJILEIYIJIBUDUANDESIKAOFANKUI。BUDUANJIANGZIJIDEBIAODAHEMUYURENSHIDEBIAODAZUODUIBI,ZHAOCHUQIZHONGDEBUZUZHICHU,BINGXIANGBANFAGAIJIN,ZHEIYANGCAINENGSHIXIANXIEZUOSHUIPINGTISHENG。

重庆环球雅思

  重庆环球教育秉持教育成就未来的理念,专注于为中国学子提供优质的出国语言培训及配套服务。目前,重庆环球教育已构建了包含语言培训、出国咨询等在内的教育服务生态圈。相关问题可在线免费咨询,或拨打免费热线400-691-1717。

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